In-office cup biopsy and laryngeal cytology versus operating room biopsy for the diagnosis of pharyngolaryngeal tumors: Efficacy and cost-effectiveness
|PROCEDENCIA(S):||Ciencia y Medicina, USS de La Patagonia.|
|CATEGORÍA(S):||Cirugía, Medicina General e Interna, Otorrinolaringología, Servicios y Cuidados en Ciencias de la Salud.|
|AUTOR(ES):||Felipe Castillo Farıas / Ignacio Cobeta / Rosalia Souviron / Rafael Barbera / Elena Mora / Amparo Benito / Ana Royuela.|
|TIPO DE MATERIAL:||Artículos, Investigación.|
Background: In-office biopsy is an effective technique to diagnose the nature of pharyngolaryngeal lesions. Methods. We selected patients with pharyngolaryngeal lesions suspicious for malignancy. For in-office biopsy procedures, laryngeal cytology and direct laryngoscopy biopsy were performed, and diagnostic parameters and costs were estimated. Results. Eighty-eight patients were selected for this study. For laryngeal cytology, sensitivity was 70.3% (95% confidence interval [CI] 5 59.9% to 80.7%), specificity 100% with a positive predictive value of 100% and a negative predictive value of 50% (95% CI 5 35.2% to 64.8%). Inoffice biopsy sensitivity was 81% (95% CI 5 72.6% to 89.3%), specificity 100% with a positive predictive value of 100% and a negative predictive value of 20% (95% CI 5 2.5% to 37.5%). At our hospital, the use of in-office biopsies as a first approach for diagnosis saves $50,140.80 U.S. per annum. Conclusion: In-office biopsy is a more affordable technique that enables histologic diagnosis of pharyngolaryngeal lesions in a large percentage of patients.